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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Man-made fibres, formerly "Artificial fibres". found in the catalog.

Man-made fibres, formerly "Artificial fibres".

Robert Wighton Moncrieff

Man-made fibres, formerly "Artificial fibres".

by Robert Wighton Moncrieff

  • 111 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Heywood .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Previous ed. (B57-18326), National Trade P.,1957.

The Physical Object
Pagination742p.,ill.,23cm
Number of Pages742
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19015853M

For man-made fibres and in some cases even for natural fibres these tests are carried out on single fibres. Here, typical testing methods are the static tensile test, linear-density (fineness) measurement, and measurement of crimp extension, crimp . The book is in two volumes. Volume I deals with the natural fibres on which we depended for our textiles until comparatively recent times. Volume II is concerned with man-made fibres, including rayons and other natural polymer fibres, and the true synthetic fibres which have made such rapid progress in s: 1.

Synthetic fibres are made only from polymers found in natural gas and the by-products of petroleum. Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres, most of them are prepared from raw material petroleum called petrochemicals. All fabrics are obtained from fibres, while fibres are obtained from artificial or man-made sources. There are mainly two types of fiber. One is natural fiber and another is synthetic or man made fiber. Natural fibers are extracted from plants and animals. Manmade fiber are polyester, rayon, viscose staple fiber. Its is a process of wood pulp chemically treated and processed to make a fiber equal to natural fiber with same qualities.

Man-made (manufactured) fibres are fibres whose chemical composition, structure, and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing process and are either: Synthetic fibres - Synthetic fibres are made of polymers that do not occur naturally but instead are produced entirely in the chemical plant or laboratory, almost always from 5/5(2). The names of the major man-made fibers—rayon, acetate, polyester, nylon, acrylic—are well known. Fiber-forming Materials. The strength and flexibility of most fibers, natural or man-made, result from the shape of their molecules, the chemical building blocks of which they are made. These molecules are all long and thin like chains.


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Man-made fibres, formerly "Artificial fibres" by Robert Wighton Moncrieff Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Moncrieff, R.W. Man-made fibres. New York, Wiley, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors. Get this from a library. Man-made fibres, formerly Artificial fibres. [R W Moncrieff]. Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a (c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital projects include the Wayback Machine, and The Significance of Man-made Fibres for the Textile Market The development The future – – – As early as the Englishman Robert Hooke came up with the idea of making artificial fibres from a viscous liquid mass.

His idea, though, remained a utopia for more than two centuries. Only in File Size: KB. Man-made fibre, fibre whose chemical composition, structure, and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing process.

Man-made fibres are spun and woven into a huge number of consumer and industrial products, including garments such as shirts, scarves, and hosiery; home furnishings such as upholstery, carpets, and drapes; and industrial parts such. Historically, the only fibres man had on offer were those it could harvest from the natural world: cotton, silk and wool all of which had their limitations.

The problem was, although the finest grades of these fibres offered high performance, the majority had to make do with a much lower standard of cloth, which was often uncomfortable, stiff or wore quickly.

The supply of these materials. Chapter Man-made vitreous fibres General description Physical and chemical Man-made fibres Fibres are divided into naturally occurring and man-made (synthetic) fibres. Each of these groups can be subdivided into organic and inorganic fibres.

Man-made vitreous fibres (MMVF) are a large subgroup of inorganic Size: KB. About Man-made Fibres Man-made fibres account for 68% of all fibres produced worldwide, and for 82% in Europe, including Turkey. World production was million tonnes in European production was million tonnes.

Synthetic fibers (or synthetic fibres in British English; see spelling differences) are fibers made by humans through chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that are directly derived from living organisms.

They are the result of extensive research by scientists to improve upon naturally occurring animal and plant general, synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber. In a very general way, a fiber is defined as any product capable of being woven or otherwise made into a fabric.

It may be thought of as the smallest visible unit of textile production. Fibers may be agricultural products (such as cotton or wool) or units (such as nylon or polyester) manufactured in a chemical plant. Fibers than serve as the raw material in the next stage of.

Purchase Handbook of Textile Fibres - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNNatural and Man-Made Fibres 6 Figure Cross-section of fibres. Polygonal shape is found only in flax. It gives lustre to the fibre. Oval Shape also gives good cover and a pleasing hand that is neither silky nor harsh.

Triangular shape occurs in silk and has been achieved in some of the new man-made fibres by using a highly viscous. Book Reviews/New Books: Science and Technology of Man-made Fibres "Writing a book on man made fibres and that too on its science and technology is not a simple task, without adequate exposure in these fields.

I have tried my attempt on these aspects with my publications on fibres, research and review papers on man-made fibres. Man-Made Fibre synonyms, Man-Made Fibre pronunciation, Man-Made Fibre translation, English dictionary definition of Man-Made Fibre.

A slender, elongated, threadlike object or structure. a material made up of fibres. Man-Made Fibre; Man-Made Global Warming; Man-made hazards; Man-made lake; Man-made lake; Man-made lake. Why did you label some fibres as artificial. You have read in your previous classes that natural fibres like cotton, wool, silk, etc., are obtained from plant or animals.

The synthetic fibres, on the other hand, are made by human beings. That is why these are called synthetic or man-made fibres. What are Synthetic Fibres. Fibres are classified in 2 groups; natural fibres and man-made fibres (MMF).

Natural fibres are fibres made by nature. Typical examples are cotton and wool, which are mainly used in textile clothing but there are many often natural fibres produced in.

Naming. Mineral wool is also known as mineral fiber, mineral cotton, mineral fibre, man-made mineral fibre (MMMF), and man-made vitreous fiber (MMVF). Specific mineral wool products are stone wool and slag also includes glass wool which, together with ceramic fiber, are completely man-made fibers.

History. Slag wool was first made in in Wales by Edward. Man-made fibre, fibre whose chemical composition, structure, and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing -made fibres are spun and woven into a huge number of consumer and industrial products, including garments such as shirts, scarves, and hosiery; home furnishings such as upholstery, carpets, and drapes; and industrial parts.

Terminology of man-made fibres Edition (replaces the edition) Terminology BISFA 2 BISFA wishes to acknowledge and thank the members of the Standards for Fibres and Textiles Committee for their contribution to the production of this booklet inand. Man-made fibres Polyester. Polyester is the most widely used man made fibre.

It is an easy care fabric meaning low maintenance when it comes it washing as the fibres do not absorb moisture and so it dries quickly. It is often used on its own or as a. Textile fibers refer to filaments or threads which are woven, knitted, matted or bound to be used to make fabrics for different purposes.

To put it in perspective, Fabric is made from yarns and yarn is made from fibers. Textile fibers are generally classified as natural textile fibers and man-made fibers.Index: educational material on man-made fibers. (New York, []), by Man-made Fiber Producers Association (page images at HathiTrust) Man-made fibres, formerly Artificial fibres, (New York, Wiley, ), by R.

W. Moncrieff (page images at HathiTrust). Polyethylene terephthalate polyester is the leading man-made fiber in production volume and owes its popularity to its versatility alone or as a blended fiber in textile structures. When the term “polyester” is used, it refers to this generic type.

It is used extensively in woven and knitted apparel, home furnishings, and industrial Author: Textile School.